How to avoid Corona virus?

How to avoid Corona virus?
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Handbook for Expats in Hanoi, Viet nam!

These days, the world is confronting a particularly dangerous virus from China VuHan, a virus that has killed more than 200 people. remove this virus. So, what is Corona Virus? What are the symptoms of an infected person? How to prevent it? …
This article will in turn help you find out the above issues, thereby proactively preventing yourself, your family and your loved ones especially when you are traveling or living in Hanoi, Vietnam.

What is Corona Virus?

Coronavirus (it’s short name is Corona), also known as corona virus, is a group of viruses of the Coronavirinae subfamily in the Coronaviridae family, according to the Nidovirales Department. Coronavirus causes disease in mammals, including humans and birds. In humans, the virus that causes respiratory infections is usually mild but in rare cases can be fatal.

Vietnam

Confirmed
241
+1
Deaths
0
Recovered
90
Active
151
Last updated: 2020-04-05 - 11:41 pm (+07:00)

Global

  • Confirmed
    Deaths
    Recovered
    • USA
      323,516
      9,171
      16,590
    • Spain
      130,759
      12,418
      38,080
    • Italy
      128,948
      15,887
      21,815
    • Germany
      98,765
      1,524
      26,400
    • France
      89,953
      7,560
      15,438
    • China
      81,669
      3,329
      76,964
    • Iran
      58,226
      3,603
      19,736
    • UK
      47,806
      4,934
      135
    • Turkey
      23,934
      501
      786
    • Switzerland
      21,100
      685
      6,415
    • Belgium
      19,691
      1,447
      3,751
    • Netherlands
      17,851
      1,766
      250
    • Canada
      14,426
      258
      2,603
    • Austria
      11,934
      204
      2,998
    • Portugal
      11,278
      295
      75
    • Brazil
      10,475
      448
      127
    • S. Korea
      10,237
      183
      6,463
    • Israel
      8,018
      48
      477
    • Sweden
      6,830
      401
      205
    • Australia
      5,687
      35
      2,315
    • Norway
      5,686
      70
      32
    • Russia
      5,389
      45
      355
    • Ireland
      4,604
      137
      25
    • Czechia
      4,543
      67
      96
    • Chile
      4,471
      34
      528
    • Denmark
      4,369
      179
      1,327
    • Poland
      4,102
      94
      134
    • Romania
      3,864
      151
      374
    • Malaysia
      3,662
      61
      1,005
    • Ecuador
      3,646
      180
      100
    • India
      3,588
      99
      229
    • Philippines
      3,246
      152
      64
    • Japan
      3,139
      77
      514
    • Pakistan
      3,123
      45
      208
    • Luxembourg
      2,804
      36
      500
    • Saudi Arabia
      2,385
      34
      488
    • Indonesia
      2,273
      198
      164
    • Thailand
      2,169
      23
      674
    • Finland
      1,927
      28
      300
    • Serbia
      1,908
      51
      54
    • Mexico
      1,890
      79
      633
    • Panama
      1,801
      46
      13
    • Peru
      1,746
      73
      914
    • Dominican Republic
      1,745
      82
      17
    • Greece
      1,735
      73
      78
    • South Africa
      1,585
      9
      95
    • UAE
      1,505
      10
      125
    • Iceland
      1,486
      4
      428
    • Argentina
      1,451
      44
      280
    • Colombia
      1,406
      32
      85
    • Qatar
      1,325
      3
      109
    • Algeria
      1,320
      152
      90
    • Singapore
      1,309
      6
      297
    • Ukraine
      1,251
      32
      25
    • Croatia
      1,182
      15
      125
    • Estonia
      1,097
      15
      62
    • Egypt
      1,070
      71
      241
    • New Zealand
      1,039
      1
      156
    • Slovenia
      997
      28
      79
    • Morocco
      961
      69
      70
    • Iraq
      961
      61
      279
    • Hong Kong
      890
      4
      206
    • Moldova, Republic of
      864
      15
      30
    • Armenia
      822
      7
      57
    • Lithuania
      811
      12
      7
    • Hungary
      733
      34
      66
    • Diamond Princess
      712
      11
      619
    • Bahrain
      698
      4
      427
    • Bosnia
      654
      21
      30
    • Kazakhstan
      584
      6
      42
    • Azerbaijan
      584
      5
      32
    • Belarus
      562
      8
      52
    • Kuwait
      556
      1
      99
    • Macedonia
      555
      18
      23
    • Cameroon
      555
      9
      17
    • Tunisia
      553
      19
      5
    • Latvia
      533
      1
      1
    • Bulgaria
      531
      20
      37
    • Lebanon
      527
      18
      54
    • Andorra
      501
      18
      26
    • Slovakia
      485
      1
      10
    • Cyprus
      446
      9
      37
    • Costa Rica
      435
      2
      13
    • Uruguay
      400
      5
      93
    • Taiwan
      363
      5
      54
    • Albania
      361
      20
      104
    • Réunion
      344
      0
      40
    • Afghanistan
      337
      7
      15
    • Jordan
      323
      5
      74
    • Cuba
      320
      8
      15
    • Burkina Faso
      318
      16
      66
    • Oman
      298
      2
      61
    • Uzbekistan
      298
      2
      30
    • Honduras
      268
      22
      6
    • San Marino
      266
      32
      35
    • Channel Islands
      262
      5
      13
    • Côte d'Ivoire
      245
      1
      25
    • Vietnam
      241
      0
      90
    • Palestinian Territory, Occupied
      228
      1
      23
    • Mauritius
      227
      7
      7
    • Malta
      227
      0
      2
    • Nigeria
      224
      5
      27
    • Senegal
      222
      2
      82
    • Ghana
      214
      5
      31
    • Montenegro
      214
      2
      1
    • Faroe Islands
      181
      0
      99
    • Sri Lanka
      175
      5
      33
    • Georgia
      170
      2
      36
    • Bolivia
      157
      10
      2
    • Venezuela
      155
      7
      52
    • DRC
      154
      18
      3
    • Kyrgyzstan
      147
      1
      9
    • Martinique
      145
      3
      27
    • Niger
      144
      8
      0
    • Kenya
      142
      4
      4
    • Brunei
      135
      1
      73
    • Guadeloupe
      134
      7
      24
    • Mayotte
      134
      2
      14
    • Isle of Man
      127
      1
      0
    • Guinea
      121
      0
      5
    • Cambodia
      114
      0
      50
    • Trinidad and Tobago
      104
      7
      1
    • Paraguay
      104
      3
      12
    • Gibraltar
      103
      0
      52
    • Rwanda
      102
      0
      4
    • Bangladesh
      88
      9
      33
    • Liechtenstein
      77
      1
      0
    • Madagascar
      72
      0
      2
    • Monaco
      66
      1
      3
    • Aruba
      64
      0
      1
    • El Salvador
      62
      3
      2
    • Guatemala
      61
      2
      15
    • French Guiana
      61
      0
      22
    • Djibouti
      59
      0
      9
    • Barbados
      56
      1
      6
    • Jamaica
      55
      3
      7
    • Uganda
      48
      0
      0
    • Congo
      45
      5
      2
    • Mali
      45
      5
      1
    • Togo
      44
      3
      20
    • Macao
      44
      0
      10
    • Ethiopia
      43
      1
      4
    • French Polynesia
      40
      0
      0
    • Zambia
      39
      1
      3
    • Bermuda
      37
      0
      14
    • Cayman Islands
      35
      1
      1
    • Saint Martin
      29
      2
      7
    • Eritrea
      29
      0
      0
    • Bahamas
      28
      4
      0
    • Sint Maarten
      25
      4
      6
    • Guyana
      24
      4
      0
    • Gabon
      21
      1
      1
    • Myanmar
      21
      1
      0
    • Haiti
      21
      0
      1
    • Tanzania, United Republic of
      20
      1
      3
    • Syrian Arab Republic
      19
      2
      2
    • Maldives
      19
      0
      13
    • Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
      18
      1
      0
    • Guinea-Bissau
      18
      0
      0
    • New Caledonia
      17
      0
      1
    • Benin
      16
      0
      2
    • Equatorial Guinea
      16
      0
      1
    • Namibia
      16
      0
      3
    • Antigua and Barbuda
      15
      0
      0
    • Dominica
      14
      0
      0
    • Mongolia
      14
      0
      2
    • Saint Lucia
      14
      0
      1
    • Liberia
      13
      3
      3
    • Sudan
      12
      2
      2
    • Fiji
      12
      0
      0
    • Grenada
      12
      0
      0
    • Curaçao
      11
      1
      5
    • Greenland
      11
      0
      3
    • Lao People's Democratic Republic
      11
      0
      0
    • Angola
      10
      2
      2
    • Suriname
      10
      1
      0
    • Mozambique
      10
      0
      1
    • Saint Kitts and Nevis
      10
      0
      0
    • Seychelles
      10
      0
      0
    • MS Zaandam
      9
      2
      0
    • Zimbabwe
      9
      1
      0
    • Nepal
      9
      0
      1
    • Chad
      9
      0
      0
    • Swaziland
      9
      0
      0
    • Central African Republic
      8
      0
      0
    • Cabo Verde
      7
      1
      0
    • Holy See (Vatican City State)
      7
      0
      0
    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
      7
      0
      1
    • Somalia
      7
      0
      1
    • Mauritania
      6
      1
      2
    • Montserrat
      6
      0
      0
    • St. Barth
      6
      0
      1
    • Sierra Leone
      6
      0
      0
    • Nicaragua
      5
      1
      0
    • Turks and Caicos Islands
      5
      1
      0
    • Belize
      5
      0
      0
    • Bhutan
      5
      0
      2
    • Botswana
      4
      1
      0
    • Gambia
      4
      1
      2
    • Malawi
      4
      0
      0
    • Western Sahara
      4
      0
      0
    • Anguilla
      3
      0
      0
    • British Virgin Islands
      3
      0
      0
    • Burundi
      3
      0
      0
    • Caribbean Netherlands
      2
      0
      0
    • Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
      1
      0
      0
    • Papua New Guinea
      1
      0
      0
    • Saint Pierre Miquelon
      1
      0
      0
    • South Sudan
      1
      0
      0
    • Timor-Leste
      1
      0
      0
    Total
    1,245,246
    67,911
    256,503
    Last updated: 2020-04-05 - 11:41 pm (+07:00)

    Statistics of COVID-19 situation to the present time

    Coronavirus is a enveloped virus with a positive single-stranded RNA genome and with a spiral symmetrical nucleocapsid. The coronavirus genome size ranges from 26 to 32 kilo base pair, the largest for RNA viruses.

    The name “coronavirus” is derived from the Latin corona, meaning crown or halo, and refers to the characteristic appearance of virions under an electron microscope (EM) with a large margin, forming an image. photo such as royal crown or corona. This morphology is generated by mutated peplomers of the virus, which are proteins that reside on the surface of the virus and identify the host.

    Proteins that contribute to the overall structure of all coronaviruses are spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M) and nucleocapsid (N)). In the specific case of the SARS coronavirus, a receptor binding domain identified on S mediates the binding of the virus to its cell receptor, the enzyme converting angiotensin 2 (ACE2).). The coronavirus virus (especially members of the Betacoronavirus A subgroup) also has a shorter spiny-like protein called hemagglutinin esterase (UK).

    Coronavirus usually causes the symptoms of a common cold, infection of the nose, sinuses or throat and spreads through sneezing and coughing. However, it can lead to more serious respiratory illnesses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and death.

    What is the manifestation of corona virus infection?

    When infected with corona virus, the patient has mild to moderate upper respiratory illnesses, similar to the common cold.

    Symptoms of corona virus infection include runny nose, cough, sore throat, headache and fever. These symptoms may last for several days. For those with weakened immune systems, the elderly and children, it is possible that corona virus also causes diseases of the lower respiratory tract such as pneumonia or bronchitis.

    nCoV is a respiratory disease. Signs of the illness are fever, cough, shortness of breath, manifested as acute pneumonia, which is more noticeable for people who are returning from China or returning from an epidemic area, who are at risk of coming into contact with an infected person. .

    Because this is a viral pneumonia (new strain of coronary virus), antibiotics do not work, current antiviral drugs used for common influenza are also ineffective. The best way is still hospital monitoring.

    How is corona virus spread?

    Currently, China has confirmed that the new strain of corona virus, the Wuhan pandemic pneumonia virus, can be passed from person to person. In Vietnam, the US and Thailand, human-to-human transmission has been reported. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared an outbreak of the new strain of corona virus (2019-nCoV) from China as a “global medical emergency”.

    Strains of corona virus can be transmitted through contact between humans and animals. Scientists believe that the MERS outbreak originated from camels, while scientists suspected civets as animals that caused SARS outbreaks.

    In humans, the virus spreads from person to person through contact with infected body fluids. Depending on the degree of spread of the virus, coughing, sneezing or shaking hands can expose people to exposure.

    The virus can also be spread by touching someone on the object with their hands, then on their mouth, nose, and eyes. Patient care workers are also sometimes exposed to the virus when handling patient waste, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

    How to treat corona virus?

    There is no specific treatment. In most cases, the symptoms go away on their own. Your doctor can relieve these symptoms by prescribing pain medication or fever.

    According to the CDC, staying in a room with adequate humidity or a hot bath will also help relieve sore throat and cough.

    Patients should drink plenty of water, fluids, rest and sleep as much as possible. In the event that symptoms do not improve and even worsen, seek immediate medical attention.

    What medicine can cure?

    So far, at least Vietnam and China have recovered from their illness after testing positive for this new strain of corona virus. However, there is no cure for this new strain of corona virus.

    Xinhua recently reported that researchers in China have selected 30 drugs to test anti-coronary virus causing pneumonia in Wuhan, including existing drugs, traditional medicines and natural products. biologically active.

    These are not drugs used to treat illnesses, but were initially chosen as “candidate” drugs to be tested, Xinhua quoted a statement from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

    Based on the latest research, the research team screened commercially available drugs as well as highly effective compounds and medicinal plant compounds. Thereby, they selected 30 types of anti-virus drugs from the combination of screening and enzyme testing.

    The selected categories include 12 anti-HIV drugs such as indinavir, saquinavir, lopinavir, carfilzomib and ritonavir, as well as 2 respiratory syncytial, schizophrenia and immunosuppressive drugs.

    In addition, a number of traditional Chinese drugs that are believed to have an anti-viral effect against the Wuhan virus, including the tigress (polygonum cuspidatum), also known as the mandarin and blood root, are also included in the weight list. Reminders used to treat.

    The case of corona virus infection was first treated in Cho Ray Hospital in Vietnam with antiviral drugs, broad-spectrum antibiotics and other supportive therapies.

    What are the ways to prevent coronary virus disease?

    There is currently no vaccine to prevent new strains of corona virus. Tests of the vaccine against the MERS virus strain are still in development.

    However, people can reduce the risk of infection by avoiding contact with those who are ill. Wear a surgical mask. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Gargle with antiseptic water to prevent pneumonia.

    If you are sick, stay home and avoid crowds, avoid contact with others. Cover your cough and sneeze, preferably with a towel, to reduce the spread of respiratory secretions. Disinfect objects and surfaces you touch to avoid spreading the disease to others.

    If you have been in contact with an infected person with corona virus, if you have clinical symptoms such as fever, cough, shortness of breath, you must go to health facilities for isolation and testing. If you do not have symptoms, you should also isolate yourself at home for 14 days, wearing a mask when contacting other people.

    Medical examination and treatment when suspected corona virus infection in Hanoi?

    The Ministry of Health of Vietnam has just instructed the referral division to receive patients with suspected coronary virus infection. Accordingly, the National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (Kim Chung Campus, Dong Anh, Hanoi) receives patients from Ha Tinh back out, in case of out of reserve beds, the patients are transferred to Bach Mai Hospital and Diseases. National Hospital of Pediatrics in Hanoi.

    For the health of yourself and your loved ones, as well as your community, please follow the above requirements to join hands to prevent and eliminate this virus. If you have symptoms of this virus, you need to immediately visit the above facilities in Hanoi to treat it soon!

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